Diabetes Can Be Controlled

Know Your Diabetes ABCs

Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be controlled. By keeping your blood glucose close to normal levels, you can reduce your risk and/or avoid any potential life-threatening complication associated with diabetes. The key is to know and understand your diabetes ABCs.

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A1C – Average blood Glucose Levels

A1C is a test that indicates the average level of blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months. This test is regularly performed to confirm blood glucose levels are staying within your targeted range. These tests can be done at home or in your healthcare providers office. 

Lowering your A1C by 1% may reduce your risks of complications by up to 40%. Reduce your A1C by:

  • Controlling the amount of carbohydrates you consume at each meal
  • Being more active
  • Taking your diabetes medication as prescribed


Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force of blood flow in your blood vessels. High blood pressure can make your heart work too hard and increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, eye problems, and kidney disease. Lower your blood pressure by:

  • Eating more vegetables, fruit, low-fat dairy, whole grains, fish, poultry, and nuts
  • Reducing the amount of sodium (salt) you eat
  • Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking
  • Taking medication as prescribed



Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in your body’s cells. HDL (good) cholesterol can help to protect your health. LDL (bad) cholesterol can clog your blood vessels and lead to heart disease. Boost your good cholesterol while lowering your bad cholesterol by:

  • Eating less saturated fat by incorporating lean meat, fish, poultry, and low-fat/non-fat dairy into your diet
  • Eating foods high in fiber such as fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains
  • Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Quitting smoking
  • Taking medication as prescribed
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