What you need to know
Diabetes means your body is having difficulty converting the food you eat into energy. Your body’s ability to make energy from food you eat is closely related to a hormone called insulin created by your pancreas. However, with diabetes, your body is either not making insulin or your cells cannot properly use the insulin you make. Insulin allows your cells to absorb glucose so it can be converted into energy.
According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), more than 100 million U.S. adults are now living with diabetes or prediabetes.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after delivery. The placenta, which provides nourishment for the developing baby, also produces hormones that block the action of insulin. This results in a form of insulin resistance. When the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to keep up with the body’s need during pregnancy, the result is elevated blood glucose levels.
FACT: 7 out of 100 pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the beta cells in your pancreas, which make insulin, have been destroyed. Your own immune system or some outside source can cause this. If your body no longer makes insulin, you must take insulin by injection or use an insulin pump.
FACT: 1 out of every 10 people with diabetes has Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body makes insulin, but your cells cannot use it properly, known as insulin resistance. When you are first diagnosed, you may even be over-producing insulin. However, over time your body’s ability to make insulin decreases.
FACT: Approximately 9 out of every 10 people living with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes.
Have you Been Diagnosed with Prediabetes?
The Key to Successfully Managing your Diabetes is Education!
Are you at Risk for Diabetes?
To help you evaluate your risk for developing diabetes, here are a list of questions to review. If you’ve answered yes to two or more of these questions, we recommend talking to your healthcare provider.
- Do you have a family member with diabetes?
- Are you over the age of 40?
- Are you a woman who has had gestational diabetes or given birth to a baby over 9 lbs?
- Are you overweight?
- Are you under 65-years-old and get little or no exercise?
Warning Signs of Diabetes
All of these symptoms are considered warning signs of diabetes. If you have any of these symptoms listed below, we recommend talking with your healthcare provider.
- Blurry vision
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Itchy skin
- Slow healing cuts or sores
- Numbness or tingling in the extremities