Prediabetes Affects 

1 out of 3 American Adults

Prediabetes: Know the Facts

Most people who develop Type 2 diabetes, first have Prediabetes. There are no clear symptoms of prediabetes, but it does put you at a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. It is important to note that just because you have prediabetes, you will not necessarily develop Type 2 diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recommends that those with Prediabetes, or at high risk for developing Type 2 diabetes, follow some of the below steps to reduce the onsite of Type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes Testing

Not all tests are recommended for diagnosing the type of diabetes you may have. Any test used to diagnose diabetes requires confirmation with a second measurement.

  • Glycated Hemoglobin Test (A1C) 
  • Fasting Blood Sugar Test
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test 

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Losing Weight

Moderate weight loss (losing 5 to 7 % of body weight) can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. Manage your weight by:

  • Reducing portion sizes
  • Drinking calorie-free beverages instead of soda, fruit juices, ect.
  • Choosing low calorie salad dressing or using small servings of regular dressing 

Exercising

Aim to get at least 30 minutes of moderate to intense physical activity, 5 days each week to promote weight loss and improve blood sugar levels. If you can’t fit 30 minutes in at a time, try breaking your exercise into smaller sessions during the day.

Eating Healthier

Aim to eat a variety of foods that are low in fat (saturated and trans fat) and high in fiber. Focus on foods such as:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Lean proteins
  • Whole grains 

Controlling Blood Pressure and Cholesterol

When you have prediabetes, you are at higher risk for heart disease and stroke. High cholesterol also increases your risk for Type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it’s important to keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels low. 

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